Retirement Rankings

Overall Ranking

Quality of Life

Integration and Acceptance



95.94 pts


85.60 pts


74.62 pts


72.34 pts

Category Rankings




Flight Distance




Migrant's Acceptance


English Proficiency


Cost of Living


Tax Optimization


Country Population:  129,197,274


In Northern Italy, winters are chilly with temperatures often dropping below freezing, especially in the Alps, leading to snowy landscapes. Spring sees a gradual warm-up, with temperatures ranging from 10-20°C (50-68°F), welcoming blooming flora. Summers are mild to warm, around 20-30°C (68-86°F), providing ideal conditions for exploring cities and lakes. Autumn introduces cooler air and increased rainfall, with temperatures between 10-20°C (50-68°F).

Central Italy offers milder winters than the north, with temperatures between 5-15°C (41-59°F), transitioning into delightful springs where temperatures hover between 15-25°C (59-77°F). Summers can be quite hot, often surpassing 30°C (86°F), perfect for beach visits. Autumn sees a dip in temperatures to 15-25°C (59-77°F), with picturesque foliage and harvests.

Southern Italy and its islands experience mild winters with temperatures around 10-15°C (50-59°F), leading to warm springs (15-25°C) (59-77°F) that beckon outdoor activities. The region is known for its hot summers, with temperatures frequently above 30°C (86°F), ideal for seaside leisure. Autumns remain warm, around 20-30°C (68-86°F), offering extended opportunities for exploration and enjoyment of the coastal scenery.


Italy’s healthcare system, the Servicio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN), offers comprehensive care to citizens and residents, funded by income tax and government support. While public healthcare is extensive, many opt for additional private insurance. Despite mandatory contributions to SSN, individuals can still choose private healthcare services, ensuring a blend of public and private healthcare solutions catering to diverse needs within Italy’s acclaimed healthcare infrastructure.

Non-EU expats need legal residency to access SSN and must have private insurance until then, necessary when applying for a stay permit.

For retirees in Italy seeking private health insurance, costs can range significantly based on coverage and personal factors. Broadly, annual premiums might vary from around $120 to over $350.

Flight duration

Direct flight durations from New York to Rome typically range from around 8 to 9 hours for non-stop flights. Flights from New York to Milan also have similar durations. The prices start at $199 for one-way flights to Rome and $323 for round trips.

Direct flights from Miami to Rome usually have a duration of approximately 9 to 11 hours for non-stop flights. A general ballpark figure for round-trip flights could range from approximately $400 to $800 depending on the season.

Flights from San Francisco to Rome are available starting at $338 for one-way and $625 for round-trip. The average flight time is approximately 20 hours and 52 minutes, and often include layovers due to the long distance.



Italy is ranked 31st in the Global Peace Index, indicating a high level of peace compared to many other countries. The US Department of State generally gives Italy a Level 2 travel advisory, suggesting travelers exercise increased caution, particularly due to concerns about terrorism and petty crime in certain areas.

In Italy’s tourist areas, petty crimes such as pickpocketing and bag snatching are more common, while violent crime rates are relatively low.

Migrants’ acceptance

Italy is ranked 43rd out of 138 countries in the Gallup Migrant Acceptance Index. This ranking provides an insight into Italy’s general attitude towards migrants and expats, reflecting a moderate level of acceptance compared to other nations globally.

Italy’s acceptance of migrants is multifaceted and can vary regionally and within different segments of society. While Italy has been at the forefront of receiving migrants due to its geographical location, public opinion on migration is mixed and has influenced political discourse. The nation has made efforts to integrate migrants, but challenges persist, reflecting a complex balance between humanitarian responses and concerns about security and cultural integration. For detailed insights into Italy’s migrant acceptance, looking at specific studies or surveys would provide a more nuanced understanding.

Expats in Italy typically experience a welcoming environment, particularly in regions with higher international exposure and cosmopolitan attitudes. While experiences can vary based on location and community, many expats find Italy’s rich culture, history, and lifestyle appealing. Integration can depend on language proficiency and engagement with local customs. It’s important for expats to make efforts to understand and adapt to Italian cultural norms to enhance their living experience in the country.

English proficiency

Italy ranks 35th out of 113 countries on the EF English Proficiency Index, with a score of 535, which is above the global average of 493. This places Italy at the 26th position among the 34 European countries assessed, indicating a moderate level of English proficiency in the country.
The English Proficiency Index scores for various cities in Italy show that Padua has the highest proficiency level, followed by other cities like Bergamo, Brescia, and Verona. These scores provide a snapshot of the English language skills across different urban areas in Italy, indicating a range of proficiency levels among the populace.

English proficiency in Italy shows notable regional disparities. Northern regions, particularly medium to large cities, demonstrate higher English proficiency levels. Conversely, southern Italy exhibits lower proficiency rates, highlighting a geographical divide in language skills across the country.

Cost of living

In Rome, consumer prices are significantly lower than in New York City, with a notable 43.5% decrease without rent and 57.3% when rent is included. Dining out in Rome is also more affordable, with restaurant prices about 46.4% lower. Groceries show a similar trend, being 45.8% cheaper. However, Rome’s local purchasing power is 30.2% lower than New York’s.

An inexpensive restaurant meal, in Rome, costs around $16.12, compared to $30.00 in New York. For housing, a city center apartment in Rome rents for approximately $1,140.44 per month, substantially lower than New York’s $4,189.81. Grocery prices also reflect this trend, with items like a loaf of fresh white bread costing $1.71 in Rome, a significant drop from New York’s $4.30.

In Milan, an inexpensive meal costs about $10.75, significantly less than New York’s $30.00. Renting a one-bedroom apartment in Milan’s city center averages around $1,529.76, markedly cheaper than New York’s $4,189.81. Grocery items like a loaf of white bread are also more affordable in Milan at $2.33 compared to $4.30 in New York. These examples reflect the broader trend that living expenses in Milan, including dining and housing, are considerably lower than in New York.

Tax Optimization

tax optimization

In Italy, expat retirees may have to pay taxes on their pensions received from abroad, depending on their residency status and the existence of double taxation agreements between Italy and the pension’s country of origin. If they are considered tax residents in Italy (living more than 183 days a year in Italy or having their center of life activities there), they are typically required to pay taxes on their worldwide income, which includes foreign pensions.

US retirees living in Italy might have to pay taxes on their pensions from the US based on Italy’s taxation rules for foreign residents. However, the US and Italy have a double taxation agreement to prevent the same income from being taxed by both countries. This agreement typically allows for a tax credit or exemption in one country for taxes paid in the other.